The example of romantic architecture. A famous battle in 1866 between Austria and Prussia.
Order Tour Code: C NNE2
To the west of Hradec Kralove, in slightly undulated countryside in the middle of the woods, in the half of the 19th century the respresentative seat grew of the Counts´Family Harrach called Cerveny Hradek or also Hradek. The chateaux was built in the romantic style according to the model of the English Gothic. Hradek grew on "the green meadow" as a unique, unaffected by the original layout, new building.
The Harrach Family was an old Czech noble family whose members had significant posts at the Emperor´s court or at church authorities. The first information about them is of early as 1277.
The initiator of the construction of the chateaux was Frantisek Arnost, Count of Harrach.His visit to Britain influenced the face of the new Harrach Family seat in a decisive manner.
The wealthof Harrach family did not consist in holding real estates only. The Harrach Family soon go to know the advantageousness of industrial entrepreneurial activity. Well-known was the manufacture of textile, iron and galss . Glass products from the Harrach glassworks were awarded at world exhibition in London and in Paris.
The first plans of the chateaux were made according to the images of Harrach by architect Stamman from Hamburg. Nevertheless, during the several months lasting stay of Harrach in England, that plan was revised ny architect E.B.Lamb.
During the equipment of the chateaux a number of craftsmen from the surroundings were active there.
In 1866, the newly completed chateaux witnessed the battle at Hradec Kralove, the decisive encounter of the Prussian-Austrian war. On the second day the chateaux was occupied by the Prussian armies and till November served as military hospital for the injured.
The Family Harrach lived at Hradek till 1945, when, on the basis of the decree of the President Edvard Benes, the chateax was declared state proeprty. Since 1953 the chateaux has been open for the public and in 2001 it was declared national cultural monument.